Early-twentieth-century Catholic theology was dominated by the “modernist” school, marked by higher criticism, questioning of the Church, and assimilation with modern culture. Several popes fought this trend by silencing and deposing theologians. In 1962, Pope John XXIII called the Second Vatican Council, bringing about significant change.

This list provides a good starting point for thoughtful Protestant Christians looking to understand post-Vatican II theology. It introduces some of the most important Catholic theologians and trends in recent history. 

To read the rest of the article, originally published at First Things Magazine, click here.


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